Harvey Ball: Smiley Face

Creator: In 1963, Harvey Ball, an American commercial artist, was commissioned by an advertising agency to create a happy face for the New York radio station WMCA.

Purpose: WMCA were running a competition was to promote ‘WMCA Good Guys’ and as a result the smiley logo was designed to fit on a button.

Icon Manifesto

Smiley Face

Source

Smiley Face on Wikipedia